1:1,000,000 scale model of Apollo 15 landing site region. 3″ x 4″ (80mm x 100mm)
Lunar Astronautical Chart 14, 48-64 degrees North Latitude, 40-70 degrees East Longitude, rendered with 4x vertical exaggeration. Endymion, 122 kilometers diameter (76 miles) in the foreground, with De La Rue to the Northwest. The level region immediately to the north has no name. Data available in the Planetary Data System, pds.nasa.gov LDEM_64.jp2. Snapshot taken in Meshlab.
With the exaggerated relief, there are hints of several flooded craters on the floor of Endymion.
The view from above:
Scaled version: no vertical exaggeration.
Clavius painted with an airbrush. Image below compares snapshot of painted image with LAC chart area. The biggest difference I’m seeing is the curvature of the shadows in the deeper craters.
An article in June, 1946 Mechanix Illustrated on Contour Mapping described in a caption how 3D models were painted to enhance relief. I’ve applied their techniques, but with spray cans, not an airbrush.
Shackleton: Lunar Capital
Shackleton displayed in a Selfridges window
British designers Patrick Stevenson-Keating and Tom Metcalfe have created an installation that envisages what life would be like on the moon.
The project imagines a time when humans are mining the moon for its abundant reserves of Helium 3 – a key fuel for low-risk nuclear power that is rare on Earth. Stevenson-King and Metcalfe predict that by 2030 “there will be some form of mining on the moon”, based on the state of current research and the potential of the ongoing Chinese, Japanese and Russian space programmes.
The duo’s proposed urban settlement, dubbed Shackleton after the name of the lunar crater it is built around, is currently displayed in a window of Selfridges as part of the London department store’s Festival of Imagination.
The Shackleton crater has large deposits of Helium 3, alongside other valuable minerals, making it an attractive starting point for lunar colonisation. Influences for the design of the buildings came from examples of extreme architecture across the globe, such as the world’s biggest mine in Siberia. The team used data from US space agency Nasa to research likely conditions on the moon, including the movement of shadows, strength of gravity, and the availability of appropriate building materials.
“We went into a level of detail which makes this project more than just an aesthetic model of the moon – it is more of a blueprint for what it could be like to live on the moon,” said Stevenson-Keating.
The space race is hotting up, as emerging economies such as China and India ramp up their funding for cosmic research. Meanwhile, firms such as Virgin Galactic and Worldview are opening spaceflight up to the public for the first time. For more on the commercial potential of space, see Space: A New Frontier for Big Brands and Space Tourism.
I was able to contribute the surface model to this project: I reran the file from https://finkh.wordpress.com/2011/02/01/the-south-pole-of-the-moon-shackleton-crater/ but with five million faces.
Clavius Crater at roughly 1:1,000,000 scale. Styrene print vacuformed from 3D printed original.
Clavius from Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera.