Clavius painted with an airbrush. Image below compares snapshot of painted image with LAC chart area. The biggest difference I’m seeing is the curvature of the shadows in the deeper craters.
An article in June, 1946 Mechanix Illustrated on Contour Mapping described in a caption how 3D models were painted to enhance relief. I’ve applied their techniques, but with spray cans, not an airbrush.
Shackleton: Lunar Capital
Shackleton displayed in a Selfridges window
British designers Patrick Stevenson-Keating and Tom Metcalfe have created an installation that envisages what life would be like on the moon.
The project imagines a time when humans are mining the moon for its abundant reserves of Helium 3 – a key fuel for low-risk nuclear power that is rare on Earth. Stevenson-King and Metcalfe predict that by 2030 “there will be some form of mining on the moon”, based on the state of current research and the potential of the ongoing Chinese, Japanese and Russian space programmes.
The duo’s proposed urban settlement, dubbed Shackleton after the name of the lunar crater it is built around, is currently displayed in a window of Selfridges as part of the London department store’s Festival of Imagination.
The Shackleton crater has large deposits of Helium 3, alongside other valuable minerals, making it an attractive starting point for lunar colonisation. Influences for the design of the buildings came from examples of extreme architecture across the globe, such as the world’s biggest mine in Siberia. The team used data from US space agency Nasa to research likely conditions on the moon, including the movement of shadows, strength of gravity, and the availability of appropriate building materials.
“We went into a level of detail which makes this project more than just an aesthetic model of the moon – it is more of a blueprint for what it could be like to live on the moon,” said Stevenson-Keating.
The space race is hotting up, as emerging economies such as China and India ramp up their funding for cosmic research. Meanwhile, firms such as Virgin Galactic and Worldview are opening spaceflight up to the public for the first time. For more on the commercial potential of space, see Space: A New Frontier for Big Brands and Space Tourism.
I was able to contribute the surface model to this project: I reran the file from http://finkh.wordpress.com/2011/02/01/the-south-pole-of-the-moon-shackleton-crater/ but with five million faces.
Clavius Crater at roughly 1:1,000,000 scale. Styrene print vacuformed from 3D printed original.
Clavius from Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera.
10 million faces of Shackleton Crater region of the Moon. 20 meter data from LDEM_875_5M.jp2 produced by the LOLA Science Team. 1800 x 3000 pixel rectangle used to generate the image. Click for full HD size.
I’ve begun selling Lunar Relief Models at lunarreliefcharts.com. The picture above was lit by direct sunlight; the model is made of white plastic (styrene) and is twelve by eighteen inches, with the relief nine inches square. So far there are two each of the poles (wide and close) and one of Tsiolkovskiy on the far side of the Moon. The QR link connects to the Lunar Astronautical Charts published by the US Geological Survey. Coming Soon: Aristarchus, Sinus Iridum, Tycho, Copernicus, Clavius, and more.
Giordano Bruno Crater, 22km across. Recently the LROC team produced a very high resolution image and published a 778meg TIFF file. I took the 1 meg thumbnail of that file and combined it with the elevation data cut from LDEM_128.jp2 produced by the LOLA science team. Here are a couple of snapshots of the result with the camera just off the floor of the crater.
A little to the left of the previous image, both looking North.